What was lost.Years from now, number-crunchers looking at weekly changes in the Dow Jones Industrial Average will look at the week ending Sept. 19, 2008, and see that the Dow managed a paltry 33-point decline for this most recent five-day period.

It’s a 33-point move by way of a 1000-point swing. The exhausting roller-coaster of the last five days would have traders happy to see the weekend arrive were it not for the anticipation of more activity from federal regulators and Wall Street bankers over the weekend. It will be difficult to surpass the sinking feeling investors had this past Monday, however, when several large financial companies were teetering on the brink all at once.


Just five days and a bankruptcy, a government takeover and a shotgun merger later, the American financial system has been completely reordered, and more changes in the regulatory framework and on Wall Street are likely to come in the next few years.

“I’ve been trading 23 years, and I can finally say this has eclipsed what I saw the week before and the day of the 1987 market crash,” says Tom Alexander, president of Alexander Trading. “I didn’t think I’d ever say that. So many things have changed so quickly, maybe even more so than 1987.”

The two-day, 800-point rally on the Dow industrials has most assuredly left traders with a sense of renewal after the crushing losses earlier in the week, but the cost is likely to be great. A temporary ban on short-selling of 799 financial issues goosed that sector, which led the way, but left Mr. Alexander wary of what’s next to come, as he judges most of this rally to be short-covering.

The last few weeks have progressed with an air of foreboding. Large fund managers weeks ago were warning that American International Group Inc. needed $15 billion to $25 billion in capital, with one saying that “they’re the one that scares me the most.” In the end, they’re the one that received the most in the way of government help — but at the highest cost, interest rates north of 11% as it currently stands.

Through the 13 months of this winding credit crisis, the prevailing hope among investors, banks and traders was that the next development, be it major write-downs from an investment bank, unloading of terrible assets, another interest-rate cut, or the announcement of a new lending facility, would be the definitive one that would “get us past all of this.” It was the slump in subprime, the Bear Stearns fiasco, and then the TSLF, and then the Fannie/Freddie bailout.

This past week that scenario played out at the speed of light, with traders digesting the news of the Lehman Brothers bankruptcy and responding not with relief, but by moving on to the AIG feeding frenzy.

The financial death spiral produced memorable hair-trigger decisions that may, in hindsight (following the Treasury’s “enough is enough” moment Thursday afternoon), look hasty, such as John Thain’s decision to partner the vaunted Merrill Lynch firm with Bank of America.
That short-selling ban may have been enough to save Merrill, but as the saying goes, you can’t unring that bell. Then again, what’s happened at the end of this week may only be a postponement of the execution, with Hank Paulson’s hand on the lever, deciding the fate of money-market fundholders, short-sellers, and the nation’s largest financial institutions.

“It creates stability, but long-term, the fundamentals remain the same,” says Keith Springer, president of Capital Financial Advisory Services in Sacramento, Calif.

Some of that uncertainty will be resolved this weekend with the potential formation of some kind of “bad bank” structure that would buy up the underperforming, hard-to-sell assets sucking all the air out of Wall Street’s firms. It may prove ephemeral, because it will force those firms to sell these assets at bargain-basement prices to the U.S. Garbage Barge Trust, or whatever it will be named, and already there is talk that some are unhappy with that.

The remaining assets of Lehman Brothers, perhaps. (AP Photo)

The wild action also demonstrates, once again, that the best time to buy is when everyone else is flailing — a buy of the S&P 500 tracking ETF on Wednesday evening would have produced a 6.4% gain in two days. And while Warren Buffett may be getting up there in years, he still has a knack for grabbing the undervalued asset, in this case Constellation Energy, a company that was picked on because of meager exposure to the financial troubles, and he got it at half price.

In the annals of history last week will be remembered as the implosion. But the market heads into next week treading on a landscape where short-selling is prohibited, the government is engineering some kind of Golem-like structure to cleanse balance sheets, and investors cannot be sure if the two-day rally was for real or a mirage. Consider it sort of a financial demilitarized zone, where little remains, save perhaps for overturned tractor-trailers with piles of nickels lying about.


Almost exactly seven years ago Al Qaeda terrorists targeted their hijacked planes into the Twin Towers at the heart of New York’s financial centre — and the world was transformed.

There were no deaths this week, but the effects of the carnage on the financial
markets will be far more profound and destabilising than the 9/11 atrocity.

For almost all of us, it will, I predict, be a change for the worse, and for a large
minority the consequences will be extremely distressing.

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Here comes the apocalpse: Is the Western world entering a nightmare scenario, as depicted by Edvard Munch?

The Western world — Britain, Europe and the U.S. — has moved from excess to
austerity overnight. This week’s financial typhoon will savagely impact living

In due course, it will topple governments and lead to a permanent transfer of
economic and political power from Europe and America to the emergent and, in some
cases, such as China, semi-barbarous economies in the East.

I know I will be accused of being unnecessarily apocalyptic and irresponsibly
negative, but I believe that the greatest mistake we can now make is to
downplay the seriousness of the situation and bury our heads in the sand.

The seismic events which have seen the near-destruction of the investment banking sector and the collapse of insurance giant AIG are on the scale of the Great Crash of 1929.

That was such a disaster because it created conditions for the emergence of fascism in continental Europe and then World War II.

Although it is hard to predict the consequences, we should expect ramifications of equal significance — including the re-emergence of violent Far Right parties across the globe.

Some experts were talking this week as if the financial crisis was nearly over. They
could not be more wrong. The downturn has only just begun — and for most citizens
uninvolved with finance the consequences have not been felt at all.

But they will be felt very soon and very brutally. The British economy is in the same position as the Texan coast earlier this month as Hurricane Ike approached — apparently calm, with life going on as normal, but an almighty storm is raging just
over the horizon and heading our way with terrifying speed.

We can expect a sharp increase in personal bankruptcies. Yet the numbers will not peak until this time next year at the earliest.

Hundreds of thousands of people will lose their jobs, with many forced to sell their houses. Property prices will slump.

There will be extreme human suffering, panic and despair. Many careers will be
destroyed. This is considerably worse than the downturn of the early 1990s.

The orthodoxy from the British Government, the Confederation of British Industry and elsewhere that there will be a mild slowdown ending late next year is nonsense.

This crisis is vicious, dynamic and only just beginning.

Even those of us lucky enough not to lose our jobs and our homes will have friends and relatives who do.

Let us examine, first, the fate of City bankers from firms such as Lehman Brothers — all summarily dismissed when their firm went under this week.

They will receive no severance payment and almost no chance ever again of benefiting from the six-figure salaries and massive bonuses they have taken for
granted over the past few years.

That means they cannot service the huge mortgages they have taken out on hugely expensive houses. So this weekend they have become forced sellers — which means that thousands of new For Sale signs will be going up in London and the South-East
in the coming weeks.


Personal bankruptcy:Traders and investment bankers face an uncertain future

If these unemployed investment bankers had the misfortune to buy anywhere near the top of the market, they now face the prospect of personal bankruptcy.

This is because they will find that their houses are worth much less than they paid for
them, and will therefore be unable to repay their loan.

With so many vendors on the market obliged to sell at any price, it can be assumed that any London house will fetch 25 per cent less this weekend than it would have done this time last week.

Many of the younger bankers — those in their 20s and 30s with young families — now face utter disaster.

Of course, there is scant public sympathy for these former ‘masters of the universe’ who enjoyed good times.

But we already know that Thursday’s merger of Lloyds Bank and HBOS (supposing it
is completed: contrary to statements by Chancellor Alistair Darling, this is by no means certain) will lead directly to the loss of some 40,000 jobs among
bank workers.

There will be bloodletting on every High Street where there is both an HBOS and Lloyds outlet — one branch will undoubtedly be closed.

But that body-blow is just the start. Over the coming months, the financial typhoon will mercilessly spread outwards and wreak devastation on the economy.

Banks will foreclose on thousands of small businesses.Massive corporate failures are inevitable.

These disasters will then rebound on the financial sector, as company bankruptcies
and plunging house prices force fresh balance sheet write-downs and yet more sackings.

Unemployment — already rising fast and up 80,000 over the summer — is set to surge ahead and will increase well above the two million predicted by economists.

This will produce a vicious spiral. Every worker out of a job means less tax receipts and higher welfare payments.

In last March’s Budget (a work of fiction when it was published), Alistair Darling forecast borrowing this year of £43 billion. Even at the time, this figure was shockingly large.

It meant that only Egypt, Pakistan and Hungary among significant world economies had more profligate government spending than Britain.

As of this weekend, Government borrowing is out of control.

It will soar nearer £100 billion next year — more than double Darling’s estimate. This will cast doubt about Britain’s ability to finance our debt in the international
credit markets.

The International Monetary Fund has already warned Darling about his reckless spending. In the months to come, it will demand cuts in government spending, just as it did in the 1970s when the then Labour Chancellor, Denis Healey, had to beg for an IMF loan.

Chancellor Alistair Darling

Warned: Government borrowing is twice Chancellor Alistair Darling's estimate and has bought a rebuke from the IMF

Darling will have to take urgent, painful action to reverse the splurge of recent expenditure — welcomed by financially ignorant Labour MPs — on public services, in particular health and education.

And whereas the responsible wing of the Labour Government, as it did in the 1970s, will support this prudence, the Left will call for extra spending to save jobs.

It is likely that the Labour Party will split on this issue — just as it did in the aftermath of the Crash in 1931 and again at the start of the 1980s. In the medium term, the only resolution to this debt crisis is a rise in inflation, as governments are forced to print money to fend off depression.

Savers should thus brace themselves for the return of double-digit price rises not seen since the early 1980s.

Driven by poverty, crime will also soar — particularly crimes against property. We should also brace ourselves for a return of political violence to the streets.

Certainly the British National Party will use the economic downturn to agitate against
immigrants, accusing them of having ‘stolen British jobs’.

The BNP made some striking gains at last May’s elections, and these will continue in the European elections next June.

This is the troubling prospect we face. But the worldwide consequences are just as
significant and we can expect the Euro to fail under the strain of economic collapse.

The Euro has never been tested by adversity. The single currency’s architects made one foolish mistake when they set it up ten years ago: they established monetary union ahead of political union.

In long-established democracies such as Britain and the United States, it is natural for one area of the country to help the other in times of difficulty.

For instance, there was no strong objection when taxpayers in the South were asked to bail out Northern Rock, even though its operations were concentrated in the North-East.

Le Pen

Fascist threat: Far right parties such as Jean-Marie Le Pen's FN in France could exploit the situation.

However, that is not the case in mainland Europe where French taxpayers would refuse to contribute huge sums to bail out, say, the Italian banking sector.

That is why the Euro is likely to be destroyed by the coming economic storm — just as Britain’s membership of the European monetary system was smashed on Black Wednesday 1992.

The truth is that this week’s seismic events will come as a crashing humiliation to the European political class.

Like in Britain, this crisis will be exploited by the Far Right in countries such as France, Holland and Austria.

These countries have powerful neo-fascist parties which will relish recession, in particular singling out for blame ethnic minorities, just as the Nazis did in Germany after the 1929 crash.

The good news is that Britain — despite the efforts of Tony Blair and others — remains outside the Euro.

It means we can control our interest rates and allow the pound to depreciate, unlike so many European countries, some of which (such as Ireland) are already being devoured by recession.


Wall Street Crash: The US became more insular after the stock market crashed in 1929

But the biggest worry is what will happen in the U.S. Ever since the end of World War II, America has been the world’s policeman.

It has been able to play this role, and see off perceived enemies, such as Soviet Russia and Saddam Hussein’s Iraq, because for the past 60 years it has been the greatest global economic power.

The most important question facing the world today is whether the U.S. — already crippled by the estimated $2 trillion cost of financing the Iraq occupation — can afford to continue its global role.

The historical precedent is far from encouraging.

After the 1929 crash, the U.S. turned in on itself, resorting to protectionism.

It re-engaged with the world only after the attack by Japan at Pearl Harbour in December 1941.

It is too early to say for sure, but it is possible that America is at a similar turning point in its history.

President Bush’s decision to pour taxpayers’ money into so many bankrupt financial institutions has led to an explosion of U.S. national debt which will be hugely exacerbated by yesterday’s move in Washington.

As a result, U.S. global creditworthiness is in jeopardy, and it is likely that at some stage over the next decade the dollar will lose its unchallenged status as the world’s reserve currency.

There are signs that this process has already begun.

For this weakening of the currency was the fate of sterling in the economic crisis of the 1930s.

Indeed, the subsequent decision to take the pound off the Gold Standard in 1931 marked the effective end of the British Empire.


Rising power: China has emerged as a threat to US power, and the recent Beijing Olympics have only added to its stature

America’s global dominance — already threatened by the emergence of rival economic powers such as China — may soon be coming to its end.

The U.S. will probably retreat inwardly, becoming isolationist, at any rate temporarily — opening the way to a new and even more menacing global order.

It is inevitable that America will soon withdraw from Iraq, leaving its bitter enemy, Iran, unchallenged as the dominant regional power.

China will become ever more assertive and will want to humiliate Washington by seizing control of Taiwan, something the White House will be powerless to resist. It will move on to threaten nearby India.

Africa will become the scene of proxy wars between China and the West, just as it was the scene of proxy wars between the United States and Soviet Russia for much of the post-war period.

China, much to U.S. fury, will also start to meddle in Latin America.

The world that will emerge from the Great Crash of 2008, therefore, will be dark and unpredictable.

This weekend, all sensible families will go through their finances, anticipate the inevitable problems that lie ahead, and cut back at once on unnecessary spending such as eating out, second cars and foreign holidays.

For the past 25 years we have lived through a glorious party.

We have all — governments, companies, banks and, of course, consumers — lived beyond our means and are paying the price.

This weekend the hangover begins. It will be prolonged.

Life will be much closer to the austerity that followed World War II than the frenzied, debt-fuelled boom of the past two decades.

Perhaps our lives will be none the worse for all this. Our values will certainly change — many will say not before time.

Material objects should count for much less.

Almost overnight we have entered a new world, and we must learn to make the best of it.


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